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What Plumbing Is All About

Aurora Plumbing is a trade that requires knowledge of the different systems within buildings. This includes the water supply, drainage and waste disposal. It also involves interpretation of blueprints and building codes.


Online plumbing courses can help future plumbers understand these systems better. Nonetheless, there is nothing like being on site and learning hands-on to get a feel for this trade.

Water supply is the infrastructure for the collection, transmission, treatment, storage, and distribution of water for homes, businesses, and public services such as firefighting and street flushing. It is one of the most important lifeline services for modern human society and it must be reliably available.

Water may be obtained either from surface sources such as rivers and lakes or from groundwater such as wells or springs. It is usually treated to make it safe for drinking and for use in manufacturing and other industrial processes. The water may also be disinfected and filtered to remove harmful organisms and substances.

The water is then distributed to consumers by means of a network of pipes. The pipes may be underground or aboveground, or they might be in a trench (which is the case with many rural systems). The network may be circular or gridiron-shaped, and it can be pressurized to increase service capacity. In some systems, the pipes may be cross-connected to prevent dead ends.

Pipes may be made of metallic materials such as cast iron or ductile iron or of plastic material. They can be subject to corrosion, which causes them to deteriorate over time. Corrosion can lead to the formation of tubercles that resemble barnacles on the inside of the pipe. This can cause water main breaks. It is possible to protect against corrosion by applying a protective coating or by constructing special pipes from plastics.

Normally, the water is delivered to the consumer by a network of pipes that are operated by a local utility company. The company charges a tariff for the water it supplies, and the tariff helps to pay for the capital costs of the infrastructure. Some countries have national water service providers that cover all or most of their cities and towns.


Drainage is not just the water that disappears down your toilet, sink, and bathtub drains – it also includes the pipes that take waste and dirty water away to designated locations like sewer treatment plants or septic tanks. These pipes are often angled downward, taking advantage of gravity to quickly and efficiently whisk water away from the home or building.

The draining system includes a network of pipes that connect every fixture and appliance to the main sewer line or house drain. These pipes are usually made from a variety of materials including cast iron, galvanized steel, uPVC, and ABS, and they may be joined together using different methods such as threaded joints, soldered joints, or compression joints. Each type of joint has its own benefits and drawbacks, and it is important to know which kind of piping is used in your home or business to avoid potential issues.

While most people are familiar with their plumbing fixtures and the water that flows through them, the drainage system is often overlooked. Nevertheless, the proper functioning of your plumbing drainage system is crucial to the health and wellbeing of anyone in the property. If you are not sure whether your drainage system is working correctly, it is best to contact a professional plumber as soon as possible.

The draining system also includes a collection of vents and traps that are essential to prevent the buildup of pressure in the pipes. These are commonly known as “p-traps” or “U-bends”. They help to lower the water pressure and keep standing water from rising up in the drain. These are especially important for bathrooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms.


Ventilation is the movement of air in and out of a room or building. It provides fresh air for breathing, helps to distribute heat evenly, and removes smoke, odour, and other pollutants from the environment. The process can be natural or mechanical. The simplest natural ventilation is through open windows and doors, but mechanical ventilation may be accomplished by using fans and other equipment.

Plumbing includes both drainage and venting systems. Drainage pipes carry waste water from fixtures such as sinks, bathtubs and toilets to the sewer system. A venting system consists of pipes that lead from the drainage system to the outside of the house. It prevents sewer gases from building up inside the home and also allows fresh air to enter the drainage system.

We all live in a variety of environments that need to be well maintained in order to support us physically and mentally. The conditions created by light and dark, sound, temperature, food, water and air all need to be balanced for us to thrive. When the balance is upset, we experience a lack of well being and productivity.

Most of these issues are caused by poor ventilation. This is why ensuring proper ventilation in buildings is so important. Ventilation can be natural, mechanical or a combination of both and is designed for a specific purpose. The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) recommends space-by-space ventilation guidelines for acceptable indoor air quality. The recommendations are based on the amount of oxygen needed for metabolism and to dilute metabolic pollutants such as carbon dioxide and odour. The guidelines also recommend that the ventilation system be designed to ensure energy efficiency.